Chlamydia trachomatis morphology

Morphologic and molecular evaluation of Chlamydia

Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular bacterium and serovars D-K are tropic for the columnar and transitional epithelial cells of the genital tract. Chlamydial infections in women are generally asymptomatic and therefore often go undetected and untreated ( Brunham and Rey-Ladino, 2005 ) Chlamydia trachomatis has a genome that consists of 1,042,519 nucleotide base pairs and has approximately 894 likely protein coding sequences. [2] C. trachomatis strains have an extrachromosomal plasmid, which was sequenced to be a 7493-base pair plasmid Phylum: Chlamydiae Class: Chlamydiae Order: Chlamydiales Family: Chlamydiaceae Genus: Chlamydia. Morphology and genome: Chlamydiae are small, round-to-ovoid organisms that vary in size during the different stages of their replicative cycle. Envelope have two lipid bilayer. The chlamydial DNA genome is small C. trachomatis is a potent immunogen, stimulating the immune processes of microorganisms. In the course of C. trachomatis infection, the response mechanisms involved are: non-specific, specific, humoral and cellular. Chronic infection is characterized by maintenance of microorganisms in the host cell [Morphological semen changes in Chlamydia trachomatis infection]. [Article in Polish] Maciejewski Z, Dziecielski H, Swierczyński W, Semmler G. Semen was examined in 150 men patients of the Andrology Clinic for demonstration of Chlamydia trachomatis and for analysis of the effect of this infection on semen quality depression

Chlamydia trachomatis - microbewik

  1. Like other Chlamydia species, the C. trachomatis life cycle consists of two morphologically distinct life stages: elementary bodies and reticulate bodies. Elementary bodies are spore-like and infectious, whereas reticulate bodies are the replicative stage and are seen only within host cells
  2. ated fingers or fomites or, in neonates, by passage through an infected birth canal. Genital infections are spread venereally, and respiratory infections usually by inhalation
  3. A new variant Chlamydia trachomatis (nvCT) strain has been recently isolated in Sweden (2006) 62, which has a 377 bps deletion in a portion of the plasmid that is the target area for some of the NAATs. Consequently these tests often give false negative results when presented with this strain
  4. Some of the other morphological characteristics of Chlamydia bacteria include: Chlamydia trachomatis. not motile - lack structures required for movement shape varies from coccoid to rod-shaped; reticulate bodies range from 800 to 900nm in diameter while the infectious bodies (elementary bodies) range from 300 to 400nm in diamete
  5. Chlamydia trachomatis, an obligate intracellular bacteria, causes significant infection and disease worldwide. It is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial pathogen and a major cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in the USA
  6. Chlamydia trachomatis is an intracellular organism that produces glycogen-positive intracytoplasmic inclusions (elementary bodies). Chlamydia trachomatis causes ocular and urogenital disease in humans. However, at least one strain, the so-called Nigg agent, is thought to be responsible for a historically noteworthy infection in mice

Chlamydia [background, morphology, genome, classification

Chlamydia trachomatis is a small Gram-negative bacterium that is an obligate intracellular parasite.. The various diseases caused by C. trachomatis infection are associated with different serotypes of the bacteria: urogenital infections and inclusion conjunctivitis (serotypes D through K), lymphogranuloma venereum (serotypes L1, L2, and L3), and an ocular infection of children, trachoma. The morphology of a recently isolated strain of Chlamydia pneumoniae, YK-41, was compared by electronmicroscopy with C. pneumoniae TWAR, Chlamydia trachomatis L2/434/Bu and Chlamydia psittaci Cal 10. The results showed that pear-shaped morphology was not typical of C. pneumoniae

Characteristics of the Chlamydia trachomatis species

Chlamydia trachomatis is a major pathogen throughout the world, and preventive measures have focused on the production of a vaccine using the major outer membrane protein (MOMP). Here, in elementary bodies and in preparations of the outer membrane, we identified native trimers of the MOMP. The trimers were stable under reducing conditions, although. Conclusion. Chlamydia trachomatis was found to be a possible factor in sperm pathology. These results could help to elucidate the role of Chlamydia trachomatis in male infertility. Key words: male infertility; Chlamydia trachomatis; semen analysis; sperm morphology Submitted 28 July, 2003 Accepted 10 February, 2004 Introductio Chlamydia trachomatis. Known as: Chlamydozoon trachomatis, C. trachomatis, chlamydias trachomatis. A species of facultatively aerobic, Gram-negative, coccobacilli assigned to the phylum Chlamydiae. This species cannot be grown on an artificial. Expand Chlamydia (kluh-MID-e-uh) trachomatis (truh-KOH-muh-tis) is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacteria. You might not know you have chlamydia because many people don't have signs or symptoms, such as genital pain and discharge from the vagina or penis In a Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) energised electrons are used to highlight the morphology and composition on samples under test. With a potential magnification of 1 nanometre, and a high resolution, two dimensional images are produced thereby, allowing for a wide range of applications in both science and technology. TEM consists of the following components: an electron source.

[Morphological semen changes in Chlamydia trachomatis

Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is an obligate intracellular Gram-negative pathogen that causes a wide range of human diseases involving the eye and urogenital and respiratory tracts.Ct represents a. Causative Agent and Epidemiology. The disease chlamydia or chlamydial urethritis is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, an exceptionally small (0.35 μm), round to ovoid-shaped organism. Being an obligate, intracellular parasite, it has one of the smallest bacterial genomes, having about 600 genes ( Escherichia coli has around 4,200 genes)

Chlamydia trachomatis - Wikipedi

IMPORTANCE Chlamydia is an ancient, obligate intracellular bacterium with a unique biphasic developmental cycle. As a result of its evolution within the osmotically stable environment of a host cell, Chlamydia has lost its dependence on side-wall peptidoglycan, and maintains only a fraction of the components thought to be required for regulating bacterial cell size and division Background. Given the lack of information concerning the role of Chlamydia trachomatis in male fertility, the aim of this study was to ascertain and analyze the quality of Chlamydiae-positive and -negative semen.. Material and methods. Sperm count was performed according to the 1999 World Health Organization (WHO) laboratory manual for examination of human semen and sperm-cervical mucus. Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacteria species in the genus Chlamydia. There are three other species in the genus. Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram negative organism, meaning that when stained in a laboratory, it will appear pink under a microscope. This bacteria is associated with causing the disease Chlamydia Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram-negative bacterium that infects the columnar epithelium of the cervix, urethra, and rectum, as well as nongenital sites. The bacterium is the cause of the most. An estimated 3 million Chlamydia trachomatis infections occur annually among sexually active adolescents and young adults in the United States (1). The majority of persons with C. trachomatis The material in this report originated in the National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Harold W. Jaffe, M.D., Acting Director, and th

Chalmydiae: Introduction, Morphology,Life Cycle

Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacterium that infects the columnar epithelial cells of the urethra, cervix and rectum. It also occasionally infects other parts of the human body such as the lungs and eyes, though this is less common. C. trachomatis is gram negative, non-motile and an obligate intracellular pathogen a parasitic microorganism that cannot reproduce without entering a suitable host cell. What does Chlamydia trachomatis produce that allows iodine to stain it? glycogen, iodine stains starches. What is the elementary body of Chlamydia trachomatis? it is the infectious form of Chlamydia trachomatis Matsumoto, A., 1988, Structural characteristics of chlamydial bodies, in: Microbiology of Chlamydia (A. L. Barron, ed.), CRC Press, Florida, pp. 21-45. Google Schola Swedish new variant of Chlamydia trachomatis: genome sequence, morphology, cell tropism and phenotypic characterization. Microbiol 156: 1394-1404. 7.Darville T, Hiltke TJ. 2010. Pathogenesis of genital tract disease due to Chlamydia trachomatisJID 201(S2):S114-. S125. 8. Jolly M, Curran JJ. 2004. Chlamydial infection precedin

The chlamydia, which are incorrectly called the PLT viruses or Bedsonia or basophilic viruses, are bacteria which are obligate intracellular parasites of higher animals (mammals and birds). The members of this group share a unique development cycle, a common morphology and a common family antigen. They are not transmitted by arthropods This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasmas, and Ureaplasmas in semen samples of the male partners of infertile couples and to investigate whether Chlamydia trachomatis could initiate apoptosis in human spermatozoa. A total of 85 males partners of infertile couples undergoing routine semen analysis according to World Health Organization.

Chlamydia trachomatis: Pathogenesis . Chlamydia trachomatis has a specialised biphasic developmental cycle, C. trachomatis alternates between two morphological stages the elementary body and the reticulate body (figure 2), the bacteria throughout its life cycle alternate between the two morphological stages (Malhotra et al., 2013).The first form, the elementary body, is an extracellular form. Microbiology. Chlamydia trachomatis is one of several species within the genus Chlamydia that cause human disease, but it is the only one that only infects humans. The others are discussed elsewhere in this volume. C. pneumoniae is an important human pathogen, while C. psittaci, the cause of psittacosis is common in avian species, but infects humans only as a zoonosis Pathogenesis of Chlamydia trachomatis . Chlamydia are acquired by direct contact with mucous membranes or abraded skin, that is, by sexual contact or by direct inoculation into the eye in the case of trachoma or neonatal conjunctivitis.; Two forms of the organism are needed for infection and disease to occur: the infectious, extracellular form called an elementary body (EB) and the. Infertility Listeria monocytogenes Chlamydia trachomatis Men Semen Analysis, PCR 1. Background Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that affects one in seven couples all around the world. Thirty percent of all infertility cases are due to the malefactor, half of which have unknown causes; therefore, it is a great concern in public health () C. trachomatis is a Gram-negative bacteria, therefore its cell wall components retain the counter-stain safranin and appear pink under a light microscope. Identified in 1907, C. trachomatis was the first chlamydial agent discovered in humans. Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is one of the major bacterial agent of the sexually transmitte

The genus Chlamydia contains at least three species pathogenic for humans. Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae are prevalent causative agents of human disease, whereas Chlamydia psittaci-induced disease is primarily confined to animals. C. pneumoniae is a respiratory pathogen, whereas C. trachomatis i Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is the leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections worldwide and has been associated with male infertility. Recently, it was hypothesized that Ct may.

Genital Chlamydia trachomatis: An updat

Chlamydia Bacteria - Classification, Characteristics and

Annual screening for Chlamydia trachomatis infection is currently recommended for sexually active women 15 to 25 years old and for women older than 25 if they have a new or multiple sex partners and have not used condoms during the previous 3 months. Annual screening for cervical abnormalities using the Pap smear has achieved a substantial reduction in morbidity and mortality from cervical. The obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis accounts for an estimated 2.8 million genital tract infections per year in the United States (Center for Disease Control) with associated sequelæ such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancies, and infertility (1). Chlamydia spp have a unique physiology with a biphasic developmental cycle consisting of two forms: the.

Chlamydia. General Characteristics. The chlamydia, which are incorrectly called the PLT viruses or Bedsonia or basophilic viruses, are bacteria which are obligate intracellular parasites of higher animals (mammals and birds).The members of this group share a unique development cycle, a common morphology and a common family antigen Chlamydiae are gram -negative intracellular bacteria. The following species cause disease in humans: Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Chlamydia psittaci. Chlamydia life cycle alternates between two distinct morphological forms: elementary bodies (EB) and reticular bodies (RB)

Organism and Classification. Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular bacterium with a cell wall and ribosomes similar to those of gram-negative organisms. [] The C.trachomatis cell wall is unique in that it contains an outer lipopolysaccharide membrane, but it lacks peptidoglycan; within the cell wall, cysteine-rich proteins act as the functional peptidoglycan equivalent The Chlamydia trachomatis IncA protein is required for homotypic vesicle fusion Ted Hackstadt, 1* Marci A. Scidmore-Carlson, Edward I. Shaw1 and Elizabeth R. Fischer2 1Host-Parasite Interactions Section, Laboratory of Intracellular Parasites, and 2Microscopy Branch, NIAID, NIH, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Hamilton, MT 59840 The most prevalent, curable sexually important diseases are those caused by Chlamydia trachomatis ( C. trachomatis ) and genital mycoplasmas. An important characteristic of these infections is their ability to cause long-term sequels in upper genital tract, thus potentially affecting the reproductive health in both sexes. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), tubal factor infertility (TFI), and. Chlamydia trachomatis also causes blindness. C. trachomatis is the cause of both the STI and blindness in people (Chlamydia trachomatis L2c (n.d.). General Information The organism Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular parasite. Its Gram status is Gram-negative (Bach, C. (2011, April 29). Its morphology is Bacilli

Chlamydia trachomatis: Properties, Disease, Lab Diagnosis

This guideline offers recommendations on the diagnostic tests, treatment regimens and health promotion principles needed for the effective management of Chlamydia trachomatis genital infection. It covers the management of the initial presentation, as well the prevention of transmission and future infection PATHOGEN SAFETY DATA SHEET - INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES SECTION I - INFECTIOUS AGENT. NAME: Chlamydia trachomatis. SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Trachoma, Lymphogranuloma venereum. CHARACTERISTICS: C. trachomatis, of the Chlamydiaceae family, is a nonmotile, gram negative, obligate intracellular pathogen that is around 0.3-1 µm in diameter Footnote 1 - Footnote 3 morphology of chlamydia trachomatis. gram negative obligate intracellular **without a cell peptidoglycan layer or muramic acid** clinical manifestations of chlamydia. urethritis (purulent or mucopurulent discharge, pruritus, dysuriua, dysapeunqia, hematuria. up to 40% asymptomatic), PID, active arthritis (Reiter's Syndrome, autoimmune reaction. All Chlamydiae are anaerobic bacteria with a biphasic developmental lifecycle that depends on obligately intracellular growth in eukaryotic host cells.. Chlamydophila was recognized by a number of scientists in 1999, with six species in Chlamydophila and three in the original genus, Chlamydia.This was immediately seen as controversial. In 2015 the Chlamydophila species were reclassified as.

Chlamydia Trachomatis - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Chlamydia trachomatis is a very small bacterium having a cytoplasmic membrane and outer membrane similar to gram-negative bacteria but lacking a peptidoglycan cell wall. Exist in two morphological forms: small infectious elementary bodies 300nm - 400nm in diameter and larger replicating reticulate bodies 800nm - 900nm in size Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) is an obligate intracellular bacterium responsible for a variety of clinical syndromes that stem from genital and ocular mucous membranes infection, primarily transmitted due to unprotected sexually intercourse. Moreover, it is a leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in both.

Chlamydia trachomatis is a highly successful pathogen of significant medical importance. The CDC estimates that 10% of women between the ages of 15 to 19 test positive for C. trachomatis and 50-70% of these infections are asymptomatic. This increases the risk of widespread transmission and untreated infections, which can lead to pelvic. trachomatis at 18 hpi, when the majority of Chlamydia within inclusions are in the actively growing/dividing RB phase, revealed the following features: 1) PG rings were confined to mid-cell: in dividing bacteria in which a membrane invagination was clearly visible, PG localized to the division septum (Fig 4a and 4b and S3a-S3d Fig); 2) PG. Chlamydia trachomatis is a pathogen responsible for a prevalent sexually transmitted disease. It is also the most common cause of infectious blindness in the developing world. We performed a loss-of-function genetic screen in human haploid cells to identify host factors important in C. trachomatis L2 infection. We identified and confirmed B3GAT3 , B4GALT7 , and SLC35B2 , which encode. The intracellular life style of chlamydia and the ability to cause persistent infections with low-grade replication requires tests with high analytical sensitivity to directly detect C. trachomatis (CT) in medical samples. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) are the most sensitive assays with a specificity similar to cell culture and are considered the method of choice for CT detection The bacteria responsible for the disease, Chlamydia trachomatis can cause a woman's fallopian tubes to become blocked or scarred, making it difficult or impossible to conceive a child

Chlamydia [Virulence factors, Pathogenesis, Clinical

C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae, M. genitalium and U. urealyticum infection and semen parameters. The comparisons in terms of semen concentration, seminal volume, PR%, normal morphology, DFI, HDS were conducted between the pathogens positive and negative group, which were demonstrated in Table 2.The patients in M. genitalium positive group tended to have higher DFI% than that in M. genitalium. The presence of C. trachomatis was then further confirmed by the other target, the cryptic plasmid. Study samples. The performance of this assay was initially assessed using C. trachomatis samples (n = 28) confirmed using the STI-MS assay (Xiu et al., 2019; STI-MS is a detection method combining multiplex-PCR with MALDI-TOF analysis). For these. Chlamydia trachomatis is a major cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infections worldwide. In 2006, a new variant of C. trachomatis (nvCT), carrying a 377 bp deletion within the plasmid, was reported in Sweden. This deletion included the targets used by the commercial diagnostic systems from Roche and Abbott. The nvCT is clonal (serovar/genovar E) and it spread rapidly in Sweden. Chlamydia, a genus of bacterial parasites that cause several different diseases in humans. The genus is composed of three species: C. psittaci, which causes psittacosis; Chlamydia trachomatis, various strains of which cause chlamydia, trachoma, lymphogranuloma venereum, and conjunctivitis; and C. pneumoniae, which causes respiratory-tract. 1 1 RESEARCH ARTICLE 2 The Effect of post Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection treatment on Reactive 3 Oxygen Species and Sperm Parameters of Infertile Men 4 Reza Azmakan a, Reza Salman Yazdi a, Faramarz Farahi a, Vahid Esmaeili a, Seyed Kazem Bidoki b, 5 Saied Jafari c 6 a Department of Andrology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductiv

Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of endocervical Gram stain smears in the diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in a female population attending a STD clinic. Methods: 494 females attending a STD clinic and undergoing a speculum examination had endocervical specimens submitted for C trachomatis culture, direct fluorescent antibody testing (DFA), and N gonorrhoeae. C. trachomatis in fallopian tube tissue of women with and without EP using PCR. ey have detected C. trachomatis in. % of patients with EP and none in the controlgroup [ ]. Similar to the observation that the majority of C. tra-chomatis infections in the lower female genital tract are asymptomatic, subclinical PID associated with chlamydia Chlamydial Persistence In Vitro • JID 2010:201 (Suppl 2) • S89 Figure 1. Stages of the genital Chlamydia trachomatis developmental cycle in infected human endometrial epithelial cells. A, Attachment and entry of the small, infectious elementary bodies (EBs) at 1 h after infection. B, Early inclusion (8-12 h after infection) containing a few larger, metabolicall Chlamydia infection is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world

What is chlamydia? It is a disease caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.Infection with C. trachomatis may result in urethritis, epididymitis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and other conditions.. What are the symptoms of chlamydia? Men and women infected with chlamydia may have a discharge from the penis or vagina, and may notice burning while urinating Access Chlamydia trachomatis infection national notifiable time periods and case definitions. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. NOTICE: The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) website has moved!. Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease seen in the U.S. that can infect eyes and genitals. It's caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis and is passed from person-to-person during unprotected sex Chlamydia trachomatis is a Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium. Chlamydial infection affects mainly the genitourinary system. Nowadays urogenital chlamydia is the most common cause of non-gonococcal urethritis (up to 60%). Being hidden during a long period of time, chlamydia are able to transform into so-called L-forms - and to.

C. trachomatis - microbewik

Objective:To identify Chlamydia trachomatis by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in fallopian tube tissues with chronic salpingitis.Design: Retrospective case-control study.Setting: Academic tertiary institution.Patient(s): Women with a pathological diagnosis of chronic salpingitis or normal fallopian tube hospitalized between September 1992 and November 1994 Genital infections with Chlamydia trachomatis continue to be a major health problem worldwide. While some individuals clear their infection (presumed to be the result of an effective Th1/interferon-γ response), others develop chronic infections and some are prone to repeat infections. In females in particular, chronic asymptomatic infections are common and can lead to pelvic inflammatory. The lymphogranuloma venereum is also a sexually transmitted disease and caused by serotypes L1 - L3. C. trachomatis has many morphological, cultural and antigenic similarities to Chlamydophila trachomatis and Chlamydophila psittaci, which makes the laboratory diagnosis difficult. Chlamydia are intracellular living bacteria IMPORTANCE Chlamydia trachomatis is the leading cause of preventable infectious blindness and of bacterial sexually transmitted infections worldwide. Chlamydiae are developmentally regulated obligate intracellular pathogens that alternate between two functional and morphologic forms, with distinct repertoires of proteins Chlamydia trachomatis infections, which most frequently are asymptomatic, are major public health concerns globally. The 2015 European C. trachomatis guideline provides: up-to-date guidance regarding broader indications for testing and treatment of C. trachomatis infections; a clearer recommendation of using exclusively-validated nucleic acid amplification tests for diagnosis; advice on.

Chlamydia trachomatis is a ubiquitous human pathogen that is responsible for the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) worldwide ().As an obligate intracellular bacterium, it has a distinctive biphasic developmental cycle ().The cycle begins when metabolically inactive elementary bodies (EBs) infect the host cell and reside in a vacuole termed an inclusion body Chlamydia Pneumoniae Testing. A pipet Chlamydia testing is used to diagnose, screen for and to verify the successful treatment of the infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is also responsible for STDs and is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases via bacteria. If left untreated it leads to severe complications Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria, 3D illustration showing elementary bodies green, extracellular and reticulate bodies red, intracellular chlamydia stock illustrations. Syphilis, spirochaete, Treponema, Gonococcus, Gonorrhea, Chlamydiosis, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma Bacterial infection set

Chlamydiae - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Other articles where Chlamydia trachomatis is discussed: infectious disease: Chlamydial organisms: are caused by the species C. trachomatis, which is a frequent cause of genital infections in women. If an infant passes through an infected birth canal, it can produce disease of the eye (conjunctivitis) and pneumonia in the newborn. Young children sometimes develop ear infections, laryngitis. The incidence of cervical infection with Chlamydia trachomatis is two to three times that of gonorrhea: 4% to 9% in private office settings, 6% to 23% in family planning clinics, and 20% to 30% in sexually-transmitted diseases clinics. 4. Culture should be the test-of-choice in cases of child abuse, rectal and throat infections, and when a test.

Chlamydia trachomatis - Humpath

mid carrying strain Chlamydia trachomatis-PL2 obtained from the cervical canal of a human being and the strain Chlamydophila pneumoniae-PN2 obtained from the mouth of a human being [16, 17]. The reference strains Chlamydophila pneumoniae-B and Chlamydia trachomatis-Burkhan (Chlamydia trachomatis-PL3) were provided b The obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis is a group of worldwide human pathogens that can lead to serious reproductive problems. The frequent clinical treatment failure promoted the development of novel antichlamydial agents. Here, we firstly reported a group of pyrroloisoxazolidine-inhibited C. trachomatis in a dose-dependent manner <i>in vitro</i> The main features of Chlamydia trachomatis are listed in Table 1. Chlamydia trachomatis can cause several clinical complications, especially in women. This bacteria not only affects the health of individuals in certain countries, it is a worldwide problem with high prevalence

Chlamydia antibody testing (CAT) has predictive value for tubal infertility. KEYWORDS. Sero-Prevalence, Chlamydia trachomatis, IgG Antibodies, IgM Antibodies, Tubal Infertility. Cite this paper. Koledade, A. and Adesiyun, A. (2014) Investigation Correlates of Chlamydia Anti-Body Testing and Hysterosalpingography among Women with Tubal Infertility

Chlamydia trachomatis - Microbiology - Medbullets Step 1Chlamydia Pneumoniae - microbewikiFrontiers | Morphologic and molecular evaluation of&quot;Chlamydiosis infection in man, 3D illustration showing
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